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Effects cause by solar radiation 
Everybody wants to be good-looking, young, and healthy. How can one achieve that? There is no life without sunlight. The human body needs to be exposed to solar rays every day in order to be healthy: to assimilate and further process Vitamins D and E, ascorbic acid, fats, proteins, and micronutrients. Solar rays stimulate the body to produce more of the so called hormones of happiness. 

Nevertheless, solar radiation is the main cause of early skin aging. A constant overdose of UV rays leads to premature skin aging. The skin loses elasticity and becomes thin and wrinkled. 

Photocontact dermatitis can also be a negative consequence of UV radiation - a violent inflammatory skin reaction with formation of blisters, aggravation of diseases, recurrence of herpes, or appearance of benign or even malignant lumps. 

Market needs 
Recent research studies in genetics and immunology have pointed to a variety of damaging effects ultraviolet radiation has on the human body. There include early aging of the skin, pigmentation, hazards of cancer, metabolic disorders and many others. And the more we learn about negative consequences of UV radiation on the human body the more sunscreens and similar products appear on the market. 

Most of them are creams. There are very few products that protect the body from the negative impact of solar radiation from inside. But protection like that is the most effective and safe protection. After all, it is based on activating our body’s natural defense mechanisms and has practically no counterindications or side effects. 

Protective products in the form of creams can cause skin irritation (and even allergic reactions), and even the most effective of them - if dosage is incorrectly calculated - can cause skin trouble, which for sure cannot be considered adequate payment for protection against solar radiation. 

Modern solutions for sun protection 
Besides surface skin protection, modern sun protection products should protect the skin from inside. Despite the usage of filters, a part of the solar radiation penetrates the skin and leads to DNA damage and suppression of the cells responsible for the immune protection of the skin. So one of the trends of the time is to include antioxidants and moisturizing and anti-inflammatory ingredients in products for protecting the skin from the sun. 

So, their job is not only to protect the skin from getting burnt. They are intended to cope with a much more serious task: prevent the skin from aging due to its exposure to UV radiation, or what dermatologists refer to as photoageing. This term is used to describe the phenomenon of abrupt acceleration in the rate at which early aging of the skin occurs as a result of the destructive impact of the sun. 

When true aging occurs, the skin’s layers thin. When photo-aging occurs, the epidermis and the corneous layer thicken. Such skin is called “sailor’s skin,” “farmer’s skin,” or, scientifically, “actinic elastosis.” And it is that kind of skin that is most susceptible to melanoma. 

It is thought that products with high SPF protection can insure against that. But a concentration of filters cannot be increased endlessly and with impunity. It is for that reason that researchers are constantly looking for new ways to increase the level of protection against the sun and at the same time not cause the skin other indirect harm.